精准资料王中王

选择非谓语动词的三步解法

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选择非谓语动词的三步解法

作者:谢奎金

来源:《高中生·高考指导》2012年第11期

谓语动词是高考的重要考点,具有相当的难度。试题的最终落脚点要求同学们选择恰当的非谓语动词形式。同学们在选择非谓语动词时,可坚持“一找、二辨、三看”的做题策略。

例1 A great number of students ______ said they were forced to practise the piano.

A. to question

B. to be questioned

精准资料王中王C. questioned

精准资料王中王D. questioning

例2 In many people’s opinion,that company,though relatively small,is pleasant ______.

A. to deal with

精准资料王中王B. dealing with

C. to be dealt with

精准资料王中王D. dealt with

精准资料王中王例3 The lawyer listened with full attention,______ to miss any point.

精准资料王中王A. not trying

B. trying not

精准资料王中王C. to try not

精准资料王中王D. not to try

例4 If you have a job,______ yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed.

A. do devote

精准资料王中王B. don’t devote

精准资料王中王C. devoting

精准资料王中王D. not devoting

精准资料王中王参考答案:C A B A

一、找主语

非谓语动词凭借逻辑主语与主句发生依附关系。找主语是破解非谓语动词的前提,也是分析逻辑主语和非谓语动词之间关系的基础。非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语应与主句主语保持一致,依此可以匹配句式。非谓语动词作定语时,其逻辑主语常置于其前。上述例题分析思路如下:

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